Botswana, Namibia, Ghana & Rwanda the least corrupted countries in Sub-Sahara.

Transparency International

Transparency International(TI) defines corruption as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. This definition encompasses corrupt practices in both the public and private sectors. The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) ranks countries according to the perception of corruption in the public sector. The CPI is an aggregate indicator that combines different sources of information about corruption, making it possible to compare countries.

 

 

 

The 2010 CPI draws on different assessments and business opinion surveys carried out by independent and reputable institutions. It captures information about the administrative and political aspects of corruption. Broadly speaking, the surveys and assessments used to compile the index include questions relating to bribery of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement, embezzlement of public funds, and questions that probe the strength and effectiveness of public sector anti-corruption efforts.


For a country or territory to be included in the index a minimum of three of the sources that TI uses must assess that country. Thus inclusion in the index depends solely on the availability of information.


Sub-Sahara. The countries that really stands out from the crowd in the Sub-Saharan region is Botswana, Namibia, Ghana and Rwanda. This is also a token of evidence that these countries are the rolemodels for the rest of the region when it comes to economical and social development. 85% of Botswana’s export comes from the mineral and especially diamond industry, Botswana’s great task ahead of them is to diversify their economy, such as improving tourism, improving services, health and education. The majority of Namibia’s economical development lies in the fishery and mineral industry where the great challenge lies in exploring their long and vast coast strip, where a large tourism potential is at hand. The majority of the companies in the service and trade-sector in Namibia are South African companies.


Maybe the most exciting of these four least corrupted countries in Sub-Sahara is Ghana and Rwanda, where a common vision, the road to excellence is through the road of implementation of Information, Communication and Technology (ICT)  is making it possible for these countries to take large leaps in the economical and social development. Rwanda’s incredible leap of 76 places in the recent World Bank “Doing Business” survey is another positive indicator when it comes to whether or not the Rwandan 2020-vision will be a fact. The greatest challenge for Rwanda is whether or not regional stability, especially with the Democratic Republic of Congo, can make it easy for Rwanda to further develop.  The challenge both Rwanda and Ghana has is the fact that agricultural development must be further developed, especially for Rwanda where scarcity of agricultural land-areas is a fact , being the most densely populated country in Africa.


Results by country

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//Emre Gürler.

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